Future Returns: Investing in Private Infrastructure
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Future Returns: Investing in Private Infrastructure

The sector also is expected to continue growing given the considerable global needs.

Wed, Aug 18, 2021 11:54amGrey Clock 4 min

The amount of financing required for global infrastructure projects is estimated by McKinsey & Co. to be US$3.7 trillion annually through 2035—a daunting figure, but one that creates potential opportunities for wealthy investors.

That’s because investing in infrastructure assets through privately managed funds can deliver higher yields and better potential returns than other asset classes, according to J.P. Morgan Private Bank.

The sector also is expected to continue growing given the considerable global needs in a wide variety of projects, the bank says. McKinsey’s definition of infrastructure includes everything from what traditionally has fit that category—such as roads, bridges, airports, and power-generating utilities—in addition to more “new world” infrastructure, such as data and communications and renewable energy sources.

“Covid accelerated our clients’ understanding of this space, particularly as remote work made data and access to reliable communication essential,” says Kristin Kallergis, the private bank’s global head of alternative investments. It also showed the value of other new world forms of infrastructure, such as education and healthcare facilities.

J.P. Morgan estimated in a briefing for clients that private infrastructure assets have provided annual yields of about 7.2%. One reason is because some infrastructure projects, such as utility assets, are regulated and offer long-term, predictable cash flows, Kallergis says.

In the next 10 to 15 years, private infrastructure assets can realize a potential return of 6.1%, according to a September 2020 analysis by the bank.

Penta recently spoke with Kallergis about why investors may want to think about investing in private infrastructure assets today, and the type of opportunities it pursues.

Searching for Yield

Beginning late last year, J.P. Morgan Private Bank began speaking with its clients about a “reimagined 40%,” referring to the 40% allocation to fixed-income securities in a standard portfolio of 60% stocks, 40% bonds. With interest rates at rock-bottom levels, it was time to think about where else clients could get extra income.

Much of how the bank reimagined this 40% was through investments in private market alternative securities, such as real estate, a select number of hedge funds, and “a big piece was infrastructure,” Kallergis says.

The bank had an infrastructure fund on its investment platform for clients for several years, but with institutional minimums of US$2.5 million or more.

This year, the bank lowered those minimums, realizing that even the wealthiest of families interested in investing in infrastructure might prefer to start small to learn the asset class and to see how it performed, she says. The strategy worked.

“This year alone, we quadrupled the flows in that fund,” Kallergis says.

How to Invest in Private Infrastructure

For wealthy clients, there are four basic strategies for infrastructure investing, ranging from “core” funds, which have predictable cash flows that can be forecasted for a decade or more, to “core-plus” funds, which have those predictable cash flows but have some riskier element to them, Kallergis says.

For instance, core-plus funds often use slightly more leverage, such as a loan-to-value ratio of about 50%, Kallergis says.

These structures typically require investors to lock up their cash with the fund for two-to-four years, and then semi annually after that. Unlike a private equity fund—which asks investors to put up their committed capital over a period of time—once invested in a core-plus fund, investors have to put in 100% of their capital, Kallergis says. While returns in these funds may be lower than private equity, that 100% of capital begins compounding immediately.

The core-plus funds J.P. Morgan has allocated to for clients have realized net returns ranging from about 7% to 9%, with 6% to 7% of that delivered in yield—making them more of an “income play,” she says.

Value-added funds include assets that are more exposed to market-price risks and/or require “improvements or stabilization,” the bank wrote in a market update on the sector. There are few managers with this approach, however, Kallergis says.

For investors willing to shoulder more risk, there are “opportunistic” funds that are more akin to private equity and can generate net 15% returns.

“You are not getting the cash flow yield in the opportunistic bucket, but similar to how we love opportunistic real estate, we feel the same about infrastructure in terms of what it can add to the portfolio,” she says.

Until recently, most of the opportunistic income funds were invested in emerging market projects. But even for funds invested in great assets, emerging markets pose currency risks, meaning there is potential for everything invested in these funds in dollar terms to depreciate. India and Brazil, for example, have been “places with great infrastructure needs, a great investment thesis—but you had to be mindful of the risk you were taking from a currency perspective,” Kallergis says.

Little Boost Expected from Legislation

J.P. Morgan likes opportunistic funds for the diversity, income, inflation-protection, and yield, or DIIY, they provide.

Diversity refers to the low correlation infrastructure funds have to other sectors of the market, including real estate. The yield, Kallergis adds, is likely to be more and more of a factor in this space as more renewable power projects are financed.

While the nearly US$1 trillion infrastructure bill that passed the U.S. Senate on Aug. 10—and still needs to clear the U.S. House of Representatives—would spur spending on a range of projects, it wouldn’t “change the game for infrastructure investing,” Kallergis says.

What it does is allow more investors to learn about infrastructure and “whether they should have a piece in their portfolio,” she says. Given the great needs in the U.S., “most people are excited about what’s to come.”

Reprinted by permission of Penta. Copyright 2021 Dow Jones & Company. Inc. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Original date of publication: August, 17, 2021.


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Andy Warhol’s portrait of the late Queen Elizabeth II sold for C$1.14 million (US$855,000) at an auction last week, setting a record price for an editioned print by the Pop artist, the Canadian auction house Heffel said.

Warhol created the screenprint in 1985 based on a photograph taken by Peter Grugeon at Windsor Castle in 1975, which was released in 1977 on the occasion of the Queen’s Silver Jubilee, according to Heffel.

Queen Elizabeth II died in September at the age of 96 after a seven-decade reign, making her one of the longest-reigning monarchs in history.

The portrait features the then-reigning Queen wearing the diamond-and-pearl Grand Duchess Vladimir Tiara and a matching necklace, and a blue sash pinned with a medallion with a miniature portrait of her father, George VI, on regal blue background. The outline of the portrait was accentuated by diamond dust, which glimmered in the light.

This print is one of only two editions signed as “HC” for Hors d’Commerce (not for sale) aside from the 30 numbered editions with this colour scheme and diamond dust, according to Heffel.

The consignor acquired the print circa 1996 from Bob Rennie, a prominent Vancouver businessman and collector, according to Heffel, which declined to disclose the identities of the consignor and the buyer.

Offered as a highlight at Heffel’s 85-lot auction of Post-War and contemporary art on Nov. 24 in Toronto, the print realised a price more than double its presale estimate, and was the highest achieved by an editioned print by Warhol, the auction house said.

The previous auction record for an editioned Warhol print was for a piece from the same edition, also in the regal blue coloursold in September at Sotheby’s for £554,400 (US$662,000), according to Heffel.

The most expensive Warhol work is his portrait of Marilyn Monroe, Shot Sage Blue Marilyn, which was acquired by gallerist Larry Gagosian at a Christie’s auction in May for US$195 million, marking a record price for a work by an American artist at auction.


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