Best Stock-Fund Managers of 2022
In a brutal year for investing, a handful of stock pickers managed to post positive returns. The winner was up nearly 32%.
In a brutal year for investing, a handful of stock pickers managed to post positive returns. The winner was up nearly 32%.
Well at least it wasn’t as dreadful as the Great Depression. Or even the financial crisis of 2008.
But for any mutual-fund manager trying to cope with the sea of red ink that flooded financial markets in 2022, that’s meagre consolation. In a year when soaring interest rates and sky-high inflation left the S&P 500 index with a 19% loss and triggered an even worse year for the bond market, an estimated $8.2 trillion of stock-market wealth in the U.S. simply evaporated.
Even most of those value- and income-focused mutual-fund managers who “outperformed” the broad index did so by confining their losses to the single digits—little comfort for investors.
Indeed, of the 1,410 actively managed mutual funds that met the criteria for inclusion in the Winners’ Circle, The Wall Street Journal’s quarterly survey of top-performing stock managers on a 12-month basis, a mere 40 wrapped up 2022 in positive territory. The average loss for the whole group, according to data provided by Morningstar Direct, was 18.2%.
To outperform in 2022 required a fund’s manager to have taken outsize positions in the energy sector—the only one of the 10 industries that make up the S&P 500 to record a gain in 2022. In fact, the magnitude of the rally in energy resulted in the sector coming within a whisker of doubling in its weight within that large-cap market index, hitting 5.23%.
And energy bets were what powered three Kinetics funds to top positions in the Winners’ Circle—not only the winning fund, but the runner-up and the No. 4 finisher.
“It seems as if we’re always a contrarian, but recently that has been working for us,” says James Davolos, a portfolio manager at Horizon Kinetics LLC, who serves on the investment committee for the three Kinetics funds. Between 30% and 60% of the assets of No. 1 fund Kinetics Small Cap Opportunities Fund (KSCOX), runner-up Kinetics Paradigm Fund (WWNPX) and No. 4 finisher Kinetics Market Opportunities Fund (KMKNX) were invested in energy-related holdings over the course of 2022, he says.
Kinetics Small Cap took home the crown with its 31.9% gain. The Paradigm fund gained 29.2%, and Market Opportunities gained nearly 15%.
To qualify for inclusion in this Winners’ Circle survey, funds must be actively managed U.S.-stock funds with more than $50 million in assets and a record of three years or more, as well as meet a handful of other criteria. The survey excludes index and sector funds, funds that employ leverage strategies and most quantitative funds. The results are calculated by Morningstar Direct.
Important to note: These are stock funds that outperformed in specific market environments, and may have elements that make them unsuitable for some investors, ranging from their fee structure to their longer-term performance or volatility.
Mr. Davolos says he has no plans to abandon his highly concentrated and contrarian investment approach with the dawn of a new calendar year.
“The world isn’t going to quickly revert back to the way it was in 2018 or 2019,” he says. “We think we’re in the early stages of a transition to a five- or seven-year transition period. We were positioned for that in areas like energy and other hard assets that we thought would be more resilient. And we believe that most businesses will continue to face a difficult operating environment and a compression in their profit margins.”
That’s why Mr. Davolos and his team have designed the Kinetics portfolios to have hefty overweight positions in companies and industries that he believes will be able to demonstrate more-resilient profit margins. Energy royalty companies—and especially Texas Pacific Land Corp., which represented anywhere from 50.9% of assets in the Market Opportunities Fund to as much as 64.8% of the Paradigm fund’s holdings—will remain a focus, he says. Texas Pacific is one of the biggest landowners in Texas and funnels oil-and-gas royalties that it earns from those drilling on its land directly to investors.
But Mr. Davolos is also looking for opportunities to invest in other areas he believes will be equally robust in face of economic headwinds, whose stocks don’t reflect that potential.
One sector that he finds of particular interest is precious metals, and once again, he’s emphasising royalty income as a way to profit from what he sees as strong fundamentals for the sector with lower risk.
“Gold, in particular, is likely to do well in a period of draconian risk aversion and higher or rising interest rates, as people look for a store of value,” says Mr. Davolos. He also expects precious metals to respond positively to any geopolitical shocks or uncertainty, just as energy did in 2022. But he prefers to avoid exploration and production companies and the cyclicality and risk inherent in the profit cycle of these businesses, and instead looks to companies like Franco-Nevada Corp., another royalty play. “Streams of royalty income are more predictable and rewarding,” he insists.
While none of the top-performing Kinetics funds could be described as being diversified, Mr. Davolos also is keeping an eye open for opportunities to add other inflation-resistant, value-priced securities to these portfolios. For instance, noting that “government contracts are likely to be immune to inflation,” he has established and built on positions in CACI International Inc., a defence contractor that emphasises communications, cybersecurity and other technology services. He also likes Brookfield Asset Management as a way to indirectly profit from government spending on infrastructure, and has hung on to holdings in financial exchanges like CME Group Inc. and Intercontinental Exchange Inc. “Any company that provides an intermediary service—connecting two counterparties that are trying to manage their own risks—will remain critical” to the economy, he argues.
Unsurprisingly, other top-performing managers in the 2022 year-end Winners’ Circle also beat the odds and triumphed by bucking conventional wisdom.
The year’s third-place finisher is one of the smallest funds in the survey. Schwartz Value Focused Fund (RCMFX) may have only $51.7 million in assets, but it turned in an impressive return for its investors, wrapping up the year with a 21.2% gain. And the fund is managed by Schwartz Investment Counsel in Plymouth, Mich., which oversees a universe of other portfolios, including Ave Maria Value Fund (AVEMX), the Catholic-values fund that ended the year with a 4.2% advance, putting it in 11th place in our survey.
Both funds are overseen by a team headed by George Schwartz, the founder, chairman and CEO of Schwartz Investment Counsel. He and son Tim, the firm’s chief investment officer, began adding energy stocks to Schwartz Value a few years ago, just as the pressure on pension funds and other mutual funds to divest their fossil-fuel holdings began to take effect.
“Our focus is on buying out-of-favour stocks when they are cheap, and when we believe they have a great recovery potential,” the elder Mr. Schwartz says. “When the energy sector had gotten so depressed it was ridiculous, we bought those stocks aggressively.” By the end of 2022, 41% of Schwartz Value’s assets were invested in an array of energy companies. “That decision has been a big boon for us,” he says.
Like Mr. Davolos, Mr. Schwartz is a fan of Texas Pacific Land, by far the fund’s single largest holding at 27.6% of fund assets. But he adopts a more, ahem, catholic (as in “all encompassing”) approach to energy investing, allocating capital to major global integrated producers and refiners like Chevron Corp., exploration-and-production companies such as Devon Energy Corp. and service companies like Schlumberger NV.
And he, too, is casting a (slightly) wider net. While hanging on to precious metals investments (Franco-Nevada and producer Barrick Gold) and what he sees as core value holdings in Berkshire Hathaway, last year Mr. Schwartz added new positions in an array of specialty manufacturing companies like A.O. Smith Corp. (water treatment and heating) and Yeti Holdings Inc. (drink coolers, drinkware and related gear). One of his largest new holdings is in RH, formerly known as Restoration Hardware, the specialty retailer of luxury furniture. “We like companies that are out of the mainstream,” he says, adding that RH shares now change hands for 15% more than the average price Schwartz Counsel paid to establish its position starting in September 2022.
Scott Barbee, manager of the No. 5 fund in the Winners’ Circle, Aegis Value Fund (AVALX), echoes his fellow outperformers in crediting the energy sector with his portfolio’s 2022 return of 10.5%.
“Back in the early stages of the pandemic, when investors were flocking to the big-name technology stocks, energy stood out like a sore thumb,” he says. Selling pressure from sustainable-investing funds and others trying to avoid fossil fuels “frightened everyone away from the sector.” But Mr. Barbee, who seeks out cyclically depressed businesses that he believes are poised for a rebound, opted to invest in the sector beginning in early 2021. “They were trading cheaply, they had long-lived asset bases, and their balance sheets are in amazing condition,” he says. The latter consideration became particularly important as interest rates began to soar last year; companies with lower debt levels remain insulated from this source of pressure.
By the end of 2022, Aegis Value had 37% of its assets invested in the fossil-fuels area, in holdings ranging from coal producer Hallador Energy Co., to International Petroleum Corp. and Akita Drilling Ltd.
“The tailwinds for this sector are likely to be with us for some time,” Mr. Barbee says. But he’s taking some of his energy holdings off the table, and redeploying that capital into other sectors. He added to the fund’s exposure to the metals mining industry (its largest position has been copper giant Amerigo Resources Ltd.) and boosted its stake in precious metals by investing in Centerra Gold Inc.—adding to a list of gold producers that already included Orezone Gold Corp. and Equinox Gold Corp. “This is another neglected corner of the market, and we believe our holdings will do well at current gold prices and phenomenally if gold goes higher” in response to inflation and interest-rate trends, he says.
None of the top-performing managers of 2022 voiced much optimism about the likelihood of seeing a broad market recovery in 2023.
“How much will be needed to bring inflation under control?” says Mr. Barbee, referring to the prospect of further interest-rate increases. “That’s why we emphasise companies with strong balance sheets, since they’re more likely to get through whatever we’ve got coming.”
Americans now think they need at least $1.25 million for retirement, a 20% increase from a year ago, according to a survey by Northwestern Mutual
While most U.S. workers are putting in fewer hours, men in the top 10% of earners cut back their time on the job the most, according to a new study
American workers have cut the number of hours they spend in their jobs since 2019, but no group has dialled back its time on the clock more than young, high-earning men whose jobs typically demand long hours.
The top-earning 10% of men in the U.S. labor market logged 77 fewer work hours in 2022, on average, than those in the same earnings group in 2019, according to a new study of federal data by the economics department at Washington University in St. Louis. That translates to 1.5 hours less time on the job each workweek, or a 3% reduction in hours. Over the same three-year period, the top-earning 10% of women cut back time at work by 29 hours, which translates to about half an hour less work each week, or a 1% reduction.
High-earning men in the 25-to-39 age range who could be described as “workaholics” were pulling back, often by choice, says Yongseok Shin, a professor of economics, who co-wrote the paper. Since this group already put in longer hours than the typical U.S. worker—and women at the highest income levels—these high earners had longer work days to trim, Dr. Shin says, and still worked more hours than the average.
The drop in working hours among high-earning men and women helps explain why the U.S. job market is even tighter than what would be expected given the current levels of unemployment and labour force participation, Dr. Shin says.
“These are the people who have that bargaining power,” Dr. Shin says of the leverage many workers have had over their employers in a tight job market. “They have the privilege to decide how many hours they want to work without worrying too much about their economic livelihood.”
The paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research, which isn’t yet peer reviewed, suggests high earners were more likely to benefit from flexible working arrangements, which could be a factor in reduced work hours.
Before the pandemic, Eli Albrecht, a lawyer in the Washington, D.C., area, says he worked between 80 to 90 hours a week. Now, he says he puts in 60 to 70 hours each week. That’s still more than most men in America, who averaged 40.5 hours a week in 2021, according to federal data.
Mr. Albrecht’s schedule changed when he shared Zoom school duties for two of his young children with his wife. He’s maintained the reduced hours because it’s making his relationship more equitable, he says, and gives him family time.
“I used to feel—and a lot of dads used to feel—that just by providing for the family financially, that was sufficient. And it’s just not,” Mr. Albrecht says.
The downshift documented by Dr. Shin and his colleagues occurred as many professionals have been reassessing their ambitions and the value of working long hours. Emboldened by a strong job market, millions of Americans quit their jobs in search of better hours and more flexibility.
Overall, U.S. employees worked 18 fewer hours a year, on average, in 2022 compared with 2019, with employed men putting in 28 fewer hours last year and employed women cutting their time by nine hours, data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey show. The average male worker put in 2,006 hours last year, while the average female worker logged 1,758 hours.
Separate data from the Census Bureau suggests that men with families, in particular, are working less. Between 2019 and 2021, married men devoted roughly 13 fewer minutes, on average, to work each day, according to the American Time Use Survey, which hasn’t yet published 2022 figures. They spent more time on socialising and relaxing, as well as household activities, according to men surveyed by the Census Bureau. The amount of time unmarried men spent on work changed little during that same period.
As high-earning workers in the U.S. cut back, low-wage workers increased their hours, according to Dr. Shin’s research. The bottom-earning 10% of working men logged 41 hours more in 2022, on average, than in 2019. Women in the lowest earning group boosted their hours worked by 52 last year compared with 2019.
While women work fewer hours than men, the unpaid labor they perform outside of their jobs has been well documented. Many working mothers take what’s termed a “second shift,” devoting more time outside work hours to child care and housework.
Maryann B. Zaki, a mother of three who has worked at several firms, including in big law, recently launched her own practice in Houston, giving her more control over her hours. She says she’s noticed more men in her field opting for reduced schedules, sometimes working 80% of the hours normally expected—which can range from 40 to more than 80 a week—in exchange for a 20% pay cut. For the average lawyer, that would amount to a salary reduction of tens of thousands of dollars each year; such arrangements were initially offered to aid working mothers.
Responding to new expectations of work-life balance may be particularly vexing for industries already facing staffing shortages, such as those in medicine. Dr. Lotte Dyrbye, the chief well-being officer for the University of Colorado School of Medicine, said she often hears from early-career physicians and other medical professionals who want to work fewer hours to avoid burnout.
These medical workers are deciding that to be in it for the long haul requires a day every week or two to decompress, Dr. Dyrbye says. But as staff cut back their hours, it costs medical organisations money and may compromise access to care.
Chris Dixon, a partner who led the charge, says he has a ‘very long-term horizon’