Here’s What It Looks Like When Americans Retire Overseas
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Here’s What It Looks Like When Americans Retire Overseas

Six retirees open up about the financial and personal challenges of relocating abroad in retirement

Mon, May 22, 2023 8:34amGrey Clock 8 min

Many Americans dream of retiring overseas, and more are packing their bags.

Whether seeking adventure, self-reinvention, or just a lower cost of living, international retirees face a unique set of money and life challenges. And paperwork.

It is unclear how many Americans actually retire abroad, but where people collect their Social Security checks provides a ballpark figure. Nearly 450,000 people received their benefits outside the U.S. at the end of 2021, up from 307,000 in 2008, according to the Social Security Administration, which says nearly half are U.S. citizens.

Once a fringe idea, retiring abroad has gone mainstream, said Kathleen Peddicord, founder of Live and Invest Overseas, which provides information on subjects including healthcare quality and the cost of living in various countries. Because many Americans living overseas have their Social Security checks deposited into U.S. bank accounts, government data likely understates the trend, she said.

The strong dollar has made many countries seem affordable, said Peddicord. Many countries have visas designed for retirees. Typically, they require applicants to disclose income and assets to prove they won’t become a financial burden. Other hurdles include leaving children and grandchildren, she added.

We spoke in depth with six retirees who relocated to France, Portugal, Spain and Costa Rica. With savings ranging from $70,000 to $1.8 million, they prove that an overseas move doesn’t require a massive nest egg. They shared insights about their spending and routines, the challenges of building a new life, and what has given them joy or anxiety along the way.

Retiring abroad took Rick Jones and Ellen Bryson two tries.

The couple moved to Buenos Aires in 2006 after realising during a vacation that they could afford to retire there despite being in their 50s at the time. They sold their Washington, D.C., apartment for about $900,000 and bought a sprawling place in Buenos Aires, where parrots perched in the trees outside their windows.

Yet the novelty eventually wore off, and while Bryson, 73 years old, was writing a novel, “I didn’t have a purpose for getting out of bed in the morning,” said Jones, now 71 and a retired Navy SEAL officer.

They returned to the U.S., but in 2016 Bryson came home from a French class with a new destination in mind: Paris.

The couple, who have no children, took two years to plan the move, selling their Norfolk, Va., home.

They joined the Association of Americans Resident Overseas and other expatriate organisations to learn about things including applying for French visas and renting an apartment. The social ties they forged “provided a support system during the pandemic,” said Bryson.

Jones sets annual goals that give him a sense of purpose. He took up the flute and regularly engages in conversation exchanges with native French speakers. To explore Paris, he and a friend walked the routes of the city’s many Metro lines, finishing each one in a day.

Bryson takes Pilates and French and is writing her third novel.

The two enjoy their local food market: the butchers who specialise in organ meats and wild game and a dairy farmer who sells unpasteurised milk that tastes like ice cream, said Jones.

Recently, he became president of WICE, a Paris-based group that connects English- and French-speaking communities. He volunteers a couple hours a day for the organisation.

The downside to living in France? Paperwork, said Jones, who reserves time every morning for forms, from tax returns to applications for driver’s licenses.

“To rent an apartment we had to put together a giant stack of forms going back years,” he said.

The couple have long-stay visas they renew annually, requiring them to show they have enough income to support themselves and to promise they won’t work for pay in France. Next year, they will qualify to apply for a visa that’s valid for 10 years.

Each month, they receive $4,300 from Social Security, about $5,000 from Jones’s military pension, and about $4,000 from a retirement account. They have no debt.

Their two-bedroom apartment with views of the Eiffel Tower costs about $3,100 a month. Under France’s national health insurance system, they pay a percentage of the cost of services. They receive supplementary coverage from the U.S. military.

Food costs about $1,100 a month, including two or three restaurant meals. Each month, they spend $375 for Bryson’s Pilates, $350 for Jones’s flute lessons and $230 for French lessons. They have budgeted around $6,500 for trips this year to Ireland and Marseille.

Jones said if either were to be diagnosed with dementia, they might move back to the U.S. to be near relatives. “We’d like to live out our days here,” he said.

Susan Wojcik, 62, fell in love with Costa Rica in 2001 on a vacation arranged by her housecleaner, a native of the country.

Wojcik and her former husband hiked near the Arenal volcano and stayed in the historic city of Alajuela. They were especially taken with a small Pacific coast beach town called Samara.

“They call Samara the black hole of happiness,” said Wojcik, a former resident of Southampton, N.Y. “If you come here and feel it, you never want to leave. I felt it.”

The couple divorced in 2015. She moved to Samara soon after, spending $235,000 of her $400,000 nest egg to buy land and build a small bed & breakfast with a pool surrounded by Hibiscus trees. She enjoyed chatting with guests over the tropical-fruit compote and cinnamon pancakes she cooked.

In 2019, Wojcik reconnected with a high school friend living in Atlanta. The two married in March 2020, just as lockdowns forced Wojcik to temporarily shut her B&B.

She was devastated when her husband, who had multiple sclerosis, died in November, 2020. In 2021, she sold the B&B and briefly moved to the U.S. to care for her ailing mother, who died that fall.

“I was just haemorrhaging money,” said Wojcik. “It was a traumatic time, but I am a resilient person. You have a choice: You can either be like, ‘Oh poor me,’ or you can think about the fact that ‘The sun rose today, my dogs are happy and we had a lovely walk on the beach.’”

Wojcik returned to Costa Rica and put the money from the sale of her business in the bank, where it earns 6% to 8% annually in interest. Her goal is to use the $70,000 that remains for emergencies.

While prices have risen, Wojcik says the $1,421 a month she receives from Social Security covers her expenses.

“I am very comfortable,” said Wojcik, who pays $700 a month for rent and utilities on a one-bedroom home and about $150 a month for food.

During tourist season, Wojcik often meets friends to listen to live music at local restaurants that charge about $15 for a meal.

Gas costs about $5.75 a gallon, but she doesn’t drive much. Wojcik recently obtained a residence permit and pays $90 a month to the public healthcare system for insurance.

Five friends from the U.S. live nearby but Wojcik has also become friends with locals. Her Spanish, at an eighth-grade level when she arrived, is now close to fluent.

Most days, she walks her dogs on the beach at dawn. She produces plays with a community theatre group she started in 2016.

The downside to living in Costa Rica is the inefficiency that can mean long lines at the bank and requirements to pay bills in person.

“If you can tolerate the red tape it’s paradise,” Wojcik said.

Matthew Coe, 60, moved to Barcelona about 13 years ago after working and traveling abroad. The former corporate lawyer worked remotely from Spain as a legal consultant, invested in local real estate, and last year started his own business.

His business, which helps international buyers find and redo homes around Barcelona, takes about 20 hours a week, on average, though some weeks he doesn’t work at all and that is the way he likes it. The job, which he expects to generate $50,000 in income this year, taps into his passion for design and brings him closer to the local community.

“I plan on never fully retiring,” he said.

He spends about $3,000 a month on food, utilities, public transportation, and other living expenses. His roughly 900-square-foot condo cost $400,000, and he pays about $1,000 a year for a private health insurance policy that he keeps in addition to the public insurance he receives through the regional Catalan government. He has no debt.

Coe, who is single with no children, grew up in eastern Washington state. His mother, who is in her 80s, and siblings still live in the U.S. Distance from family and some close friends is the part of living abroad that he finds most difficult. While video calls have made things easier, a big slice of his budget is allocated to travel—about $20,000—so he can maintain those relationships and take vacations.

If he was living in Seattle, Coe estimates his monthly expenses would be closer to $6,500 including travel and healthcare. He’d worry that the roughly $1.8 million he’s saved wouldn’t go as far, he said.

“My stress level in Spain is much lower as a result of the lower cost of living and an overall higher quality of life,” he said.

Still, he takes a conservative approach with his savings. About half of his $1.8 million is invested in certificates of deposit, short-term T-bills, money-market funds and cash. The rest is allocated to exchange-traded funds and individual company stocks.

Coe’s typical day might start with catching up on the news, then a pool swim followed by an open-air session with a personal trainer. He might head to a furniture workshop for interior design inspiration. A leisurely lunch with a friend at a neighbourhood public market, apartment viewings and a late afternoon walk might follow.

Although Coe could hold casual conversations in Spanish with local shopkeepers after six months, it took about two years before he became sufficiently fluent in Spanish to feel comfortable conducting a business negotiation. He’s currently learning Catalan.

About six years ago, Halisi Vinson and Ricardo Crawley realised their financial life needed a major change.

The wake-up call came in part after meeting with a financial adviser who told them they’d likely struggle in retirement if they didn’t boost their savings.

Vinson, now 58, and Crawley, now 67, had about $25,000 in credit-card debt and less than $50,000 saved in total for retirement at the time.

The Denver couple, who married about 20 years ago, blamed their excessive spending. They had a television in every room of their home and spent about $1,000 a month on meals out.

They thought they were doing well financially but when Vinson downloaded about three months of their credit-card statements, the couple was shocked they were spending more than they made.

They agreed to drastically cut back.

“I didn’t want to die in poverty,” said Vinson, the retired executive director of the Colorado Democratic Party.

They started buying more groceries, eating out far less and tracked their spending. They checked with each other before spending more than $100. They socked away about 60% of their income.

They eventually paid their credit-card debt and managed to increase their retirement savings to about $300,000—all in about six years.

They have six adult children between them and since most of them have moved away from Denver, the couple no longer felt anchored there.

Ricardo Crawley and Halisi Vinson in their studio, where they record their YouTube channel. Since moving to Lisbon, they say they’ve cut their spending and enjoyed a slower pace of life. MATILDE VIEGAS FOR THE WALL STREET JOURNAL

After speaking to other Americans who had moved abroad and a one-month visit, the couple decided to move to Portugal. They enjoyed its slower pace and the 75-cent espresso, Crawley said.

They rented their Denver home to two of their adult children, making a profit of about $100 a month. They break even on the Los Angeles apartment they purchased about two years ago and rent to Vinson’s mother.

They have roughly $600,000 in mortgage debt. They eventually plan to rent both residences out at market rent, which will net them about $1,000 a month in total.

Crawley receives about $2,700 in Social Security. Vinson plans to take Social Security as soon as she’s able.

Living in Lisbon has helped them further trim spending. Expenses including rent and dining out run about $2,600 a month, about half what they’d expect to spend in the U.S.

They both feel at peace no longer constantly worrying about money. They enjoy hours-long, low-cost meals at local cafes with new friends, exploring Portugal or creating videos for their YouTube channel, which encourages other Black Americans to move abroad for a lower cost of living.

—Design by Andrew Levinson.


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Ray White’s chief economist outlines her predictions for housing market trends in 2024

By Bronwyn Allen
Tue, Nov 28, 2023 2 min

Ray White’s chief economist, Nerida Conisbee says property price growth will continue next year and mortgage holders will need to “survive until 2025” amid expectations of higher interest rates for longer.

Ms Conisbee said strong population growth and a housing supply shortage combatted the impact of rising interest rates in 2023, leading to unusually strong price growth during a rate hiking cycle. The latest CoreLogic data shows home values have increased by more than 10 percent in the year to date in Sydney, Brisbane and Perth. Among the regional markets, price growth has been strongest in regional South Australia with 8.6 percent growth and regional Queensland at 6.9 percent growth.

“As interest rates head close to peak, it is expected that price growth will continue. At this point, housing supply remains extremely low and many people that would be new home buyers are being pushed into the established market,” Ms Conisbee said. “Big jumps in rents are pushing more first home buyers into the market and population growth is continuing to be strong.”

Ms Conisbee said interest rates will be higher for longer due to sticky inflation. “… we are unlikely to see a rate cut until late 2024 or early 2025. This means mortgage holders need to survive until 2025, paying far more on their home loans than they did two years ago.”

Buyers in coastal areas currently have a window of opportunity to take advantage of softer prices, Ms Conisbee said. “Look out for beach house bargains over summer but you need to move quick. In many beachside holiday destinations, we saw a sharp rise in properties for sale and a corresponding fall in prices. This was driven by many pandemic driven holiday home purchases coming back on to the market.”

3 key housing market trends for 2024

Here are three of Ms Conisbee’s predictions for the key housing market trends of 2024.

Luxury apartment market to soar

Ms Conisbee said the types of apartments being built have changed dramatically amid more people choosing to live in apartments longer-term and Australia’s ageing population downsizing. “Demand is increasing for much larger, higher quality, more expensive developments. This has resulted in the most expensive apartments in Australia seeing price increases more than double those of an average priced apartment. This year, fewer apartments being built, growing population and a desire to live in some of Australia’s most sought-after inner urban areas will lead to a boom in luxury apartment demand.”

Homes to become even greener

The rising costs of energy and the health impacts of heat are two new factors driving interest in green homes, Ms Conisbee said. “Having a greener home utilising solar and batteries makes it cheaper to run air conditioning, heaters and pool pumps. We are heading into a particularly hot summer and having homes that are difficult to cool down makes them far more dangerous for the elderly and very young.”

More people living alone

For some time now, long-term social changes such as delayed marriage and an ageing population have led to more people living alone. However, Ms Conisbee points out that the pandemic also showed that many people prefer to live alone for lifestyle reasons. “Shorter term, the pandemic has shown that given the chance, many people prefer to live alone with a record increase in single-person households during the time. This trend may influence housing preferences, with a potential rise in demand for smaller dwellings and properties catering to individuals rather than traditional family units.”


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